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10 12, 2021

Activated charcoal: one-off or repeat dose?

2021-12-10T15:17:15+00:00December 10th, 2021|Uncategorized|

Activated charcoal is an adsorbent commonly used in the management of both human and veterinary poisoning. Charcoal is treated to produce activated charcoal, a finely powdered material with a huge surface area which is capable of binding to a variety of chemicals; this relies mainly on weak intermolecular forces and [...]

10 12, 2021

VPIS Small Animal Poisoning CPD Courses for 2022

2021-12-10T15:07:28+00:00December 10th, 2021|Uncategorized|

The Veterinary Poisons Information Service is pleased to announce the following 2022 CPD course dates aimed at keeping vets and vet nurses up-to-date in small animal toxicology. Wednesday 23rd February  – London (SE1 4PL) Thursday 28th April – Cambridge Wednesday 13th July – Bristol Thursday 15th September – York Friday 25th November [...]

5 11, 2021

Luminous necklaces/bracelets

2021-11-05T14:57:14+00:00November 5th, 2021|Uncategorized|

These novelty items are readily available and often chewed/ingested by animals around Halloween and Guy Fawkes’ night. They consist of polyethylene tubing filled with a liquid mixture that gives off a light of various colours. There are normally two components to the mixture, a luminescer (mostly dibutyl phthalate), and an [...]

5 11, 2021

Successful management of a kitten with chlorpyrifos and cypermethrin toxicosis with pralidoxime and atropine

2021-11-05T14:51:56+00:00November 5th, 2021|Uncategorized|

In a recent case report, authors describe the management of a kitten who developed severe neurological signs, bradycardia, hypothermia and dyspnoea after ingestion of an insecticide containing chlorpyrifos and cypermethrin. The kitten was treated with intramuscular atropine, pralidoxime and rectal diazepam. Recovery was complicated by suspected aspiration, but there were [...]

5 11, 2021

Red berries at this time of year

2021-11-05T14:48:21+00:00November 5th, 2021|Uncategorized|

Throughout Autumn and Winter, animals (mostly dogs) are partial to the ingestion of red berries, whilst on a walk or in the garden. It is often difficult to identify the species of plant, and therefore recognise whether ingestion is a toxicological risk. Here, we will discuss the two red berries [...]

5 11, 2021

Alpha-chloralose Rodenticides

2021-11-05T14:46:28+00:00November 5th, 2021|Uncategorized|

The number of rodenticide enquiries we receive increases as the weather starts to get colder, as rodents attempt to move indoors. The most common type of rodenticides available are anticoagulants, which work by blocking the action of vitamin K, preventing the blood from clotting. Another common active ingredient in rodenticides [...]

5 11, 2021


2021-11-05T14:41:39+00:00November 5th, 2021|Uncategorized|

Bonfire night is not the only day to be cautious of fireworks, with the whole month seeing an increased prevalence of these mini explosives. Fireworks are a class of low explosive pyrotechnic devices that contain many different ingredients; in most cases, the exact composition of ingested fireworks is unknown. Most [...]

8 10, 2021

Dangerous Halloween treats

2021-10-08T10:01:04+00:00October 8th, 2021|Uncategorized|

The weeks surrounding Halloween are usually one of the busiest periods of the year for our team at the VPIS and APL. The season presents many potential hazards to pets, including the consumption of Halloween chocolates and sweets. The primary toxins in chocolate are theobromine and caffeine. Although the concentration [...]

8 10, 2021


2021-10-08T09:58:45+00:00October 8th, 2021|Uncategorized|

As a popular addition to the doorstep at Halloween, pumpkins, which belong to the Cucurbitaceae (gourd) family may be eaten by pets. Fruits of these plants can contain extremely bitter-tasting compounds, but they have been bred out of crop varieties. Generally, if the pumpkin is shop-bought it is not bitter tasting. [...]


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